Periodontal Therapy An Overview
Periodontics, better known as the treatment of gum disease, is one of the most important facets of dentistry. Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults, affecting 75% of the population. Daily brushing and flossing combined with regular visits to the dentist are the keys to healthy gums.
Prevention is the best way to combat gum disease. Brushing twice daily and flossing at least once a day helps keep your teeth and gums clean. Biannual dental health exams and professional teeth cleanings are also necessary for prevention and allow for early diagnosis of gum disease.
Causes and Symptoms of Gum Disease
Gum disease is commonly caused by poor oral hygiene. Without proper dental care, your teeth and gums are susceptible to creating harmful bacteria that can cause damage to the structure of the bite and smile. Poor oral hygiene is just one cause of gum disease, other causes may include:
- Smoking or tobacco use
- Family history
- Hormonal changes such as pregnancy
- Teeth grinding or clenching
- Poor nutrition (malnourishment or obesity)
- Disease such as diabetes
Gum disease is known as a silent disease because many patients don’t realize they have it until later stages of the condition. If you notice any changes in your oral health it is important to contact your Barataria dentist as soon as possible. Some of the common warning signs and symptoms include:
- Red, swollen or sore gums
- Bleeding when brushing, flossing or eating
- Receding gums
- Loose teeth
- Sores or pus between gums and teeth
- Bad breath
- Changes in the bite, including changes in the fit of dentures
The major concern for gum disease is tooth loss. There are, however, other concerns as gum disease can contribute to serious health conditions such as heart disease, diabetes and pregnancy-related problems such as low birth weight.